Greenhouses are built in order to protect several types of plants from the bad weather until they can be safely moved outdoors or to ensure the proper growth of the plants throughout the year. Either way, the greenhouse should provide the proper growing environment regarding the light, warmth, and temperature levels. In case you are a novice gardener who is just building a greenhouse, you need to learn how to create the perfect environment for your plants to thrive.
Your plants can get the light they need from led grow lights
Nevertheless, light is essential for any plant because it’s role is to encourage the growth and blooming of the flowers. Various growing stages require different amounts of light to develop the photosynthesis process. Since an indoor environment can’t offer too much sunlight, it’s your job to ensure your plants get plenty of light inside the greenhouse. The best aid you can get is from the led grow lights that create a spectrum of light similar to sunlight so each growing stage of the plant will receive the exact type and amount of light needed. Led grow lights can be installed at various distances from the plants and allow you to adjust the intensity and color of the light they emit.
The air temperature in the greenhouse must be kept at a constant level
The purpose of designing a greenhouse is to protect the plants from the cold so the air temperature must be kept at the perfect level that benefits the plants. Most plants require a temperature between 75 and 85 degrees during the day and 60 to 75 during the night. Your greenhouse must be well insulated to prevent any heat sharing with the exterior. Make sure you install a thermostat on your heating system to make sure the temperatures don’t oscillate too much because sudden changes of temperature can damage the plants.
The humidifier and dehumidifier can maintain the right level of humidity
The third aspect to keep in mind when building a greenhouse is the air humidity that fluctuates throughout the year and depends on the type of plants grown. Usually, the humidity levels shouldn’t exceed 80% because the soil and the leaves become too wet and mold appears. When this happens, install a dehumidifier to remove the excess moist and to maintain the proper humidity level. On the other hand, a humidity too low dries the plants and takes away the moisture they need to stay green an healthy. Therefore, try adding some moisture to the air with the help of a humidifier that sprays water vapors into the air and maintains the plants moist.